, , .

: , , , .

:

, - , . , , , .

  1. 2-
  2. 1-
  3. 2-
  4. 1-
  5.  

:

  •  - , , , , . , , , ();
  •  - , . , ;
  •  - , , , ;
  •  - , , ;
  •  - , .

45 60°, - 45 65°.

, , , ( ), . , , .

­ ­­

­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­­ :

  • ­­ ( ­­ ­­­­ ­­), ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­ (­­ ­) ­ ­­­­.
  • ­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ (­ ­ ­ ­) ­­ (­­ ­­). ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ “­­”. ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­­­  ­ .
  • ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ .
  • ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­. ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.
  • ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­.

­­ ­­ :

  • ­­­ ­ (d)  ­­, ­­­­ ­;
  • ­­ ­­ (s) ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ (. 1, 2, 3);
  • ­ (h) — ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­, ­­­ 80% ­;
  • ­­ ­ (D) — ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ;
  • ­­ ­­ (H) — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­.

1.

.

2.

.

3.

.

* - , .

­­ ­­­­ :

  • ­­­­­ ­­ ( ) — ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­;
  • ­­­­ ­­ ( ) — ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­;
  • ­­­ ­­ ( ) — ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ — ­.

:

­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­. ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­.

  1. ( );
  2. * . „OUTSIDE";
  3. ;
  4. -;
  5. ;
  6. ;
  7. ;
  8. ;
  9. ;
  10. ;
  11. ;
  12. ( );
  13. , 28- 2001 ( 2000 — ); 
  14. ;
  15. 30 , , , ;
  16. .

­­ ­­­ 4754-97:

  1. 185/70R14
  2. 215/90-15
  3. 5,90-13

­ ­­ ­­­:

  • 185; 215; 5,90 — ­­ ­­ ­;
  • 70; 90 — ­ (­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­;
  • R — ­­­ ­­­ ­ ( ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ “D” ­­­);
  • 14; 15; 13 — ­­­ ­ ­ ­;
  • — ­, ­­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­.


­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­, ­­:
6,15-13/155-13

  • 6,15 155 — ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­;
  • 13 — ­­­ ­ ­ ­.

­­ R , ­ ­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ 80%.

3110,5R15 ( ­­­­, ­­ ­)

  • 31 — ­­ ­;
  • 10,5 — ­­ ­­;
  • R — ­­­ ­;
  • 15 — ­­­ ­.

4

­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­

­­­­ 4754-97 ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­:

  • ­­ () ­­­­ ­­­­­;
  • ­­­­­ ­ — ­­­­­ ­­­ ­ — “Made in…”;
  • ­­­ ­;
  • ­­ ­ (­ ­);
  • ­ ­­ ­­­ (­­­­­) (.4);
  • ­ ­­­ ­­ (.4);
  • “Tubeless” — ­­­ ;
  • “Reinforced” — ­­ ;
  • “M+S” “M.S” — ­ ;
  • “All seasons” — ­­­ ;
  • ­ ­­­­­, ­­­ , ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­, ­­­ — ;
  • “PSI” — ­ ­­­ 20 85 (­ ­­­ “”);
  • “Regroovable” — ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­;
  • ­­­­ ­­­ “E” ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­;
  • “ 4754”;
  • ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ (­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­);
  • ­­­ ­ ­;
  • ­­­­ ­­ ( ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­­);
  • “TWI” — ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­;
  • ­­­­­ ­ (­ 6,50-16 215/90-15, ­­­­­ ­­­­);
  • ­­­­ ­­­.

­­­

  • ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­:
  • “ous terrain” — ­­­;
  • “R+W” (Road + Winter) — ­­ + ­ ();
  • “Retread” — ­­­­­;
  • “Inside” — ­­­ ­­;
  • “Outside” — ­­ ­­;
  • “Rotation” — ­­­­ ­­ ( ­­­­ ­­);
  • “Side facing inwards” — ­­, ­­­ ;
  • “Side facing outwards” — ­­, ­­­ ­­ ( ­­­ );
  • “Steel” — ­­­ ­­ ­­­­;
  • “TL” — ­­­ ­;
  • “” “MIT SCHLAUCH” — ­­ ­.

­­­­

­­­, ­ ­, ­­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­. ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ , ­­ ­ . ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ( ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­), ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­:

  • ­­­­ “­­” ­­ ­­­­­ ­;
  • ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­, ­  ­;
  • ­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ..

­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ .

­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­ , ­ “­­” ­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­. ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­:

  • ­­­­ ­­­­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ( ) ­­ ( ­­, ­­ ­). ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ( ­­ ­­ ­­­) ­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­­­­. ­­, ­ ­­­­­ ( ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­) ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­, ­­­, ­­ ­­­ “­­­­­”;
  • ­­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­.

­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­:

  • ­ ­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ — “­­”, ­­, ­­­ ..
  • ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­­ ­­­;
  • ­­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­.

­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ D = 25,4d+2sh, :

  • d — ­­­ ­ ­­ (­),
  • s — ­­ ­­ ­ (),
  • h — (­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­  %).

­­­ ­­ ­­­ . 5.

­­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

5

- , . . - - , , , . , .

, . , , , . - .

- «M+S» ( ). , . , . , .

«» – All season – . - «m+s», , . , , . – .

Run-Flat ( , ) , :

Run-Flat

Bridgestone

RFT (Run-Flat Tyre)

Michelin

ZP (Zero Pressure)

Continental

SSR (Self Supporting Run-Flat)

Pirelli

EUFORI@ RF

Goodyear

EMT (Extended Mobility Technology) RunOnFlat

Nokian

Run Flat RF

Kumho

RF

Yokohama

RF

 

, , :.

All season Tous terrain

 

R+W (Road+winter)

+ ()

 

M+S, M&S M(.)S (mud+ snow)

 

XL (extra load)

R Radial

 

Reinforced

 

Retread

 

Regroovable

/

 

Rotation ( )

Inside Side facing inwards

Outside Side facing outwards

(commercial)

P (passenger)

. .

LT (light truck)

. .

SUV

 

Steel Steel belted

 

Tubeless TL

 

Tube type TT

 

TWI (Tread wear indication)

 

«»

30 .

– () , , – .

Maximum load …

Maximum Pressure …

 

ETRO

 

ECE

 

DOT

 

FMVSS

 



, . : «DOT GU N4 FRVX 1908». Michelin DOT, :

DOT (Department of Trasnpotation) – ;

GU – -;

N4 – :

FRVX – , ;

1908 ( DOT) – ( 19), – (2008) .

ECE, ETRO FMVSS.

, , . , , .

, . . Mercedes, , , BMW – – . , . , :


, :

( )

*

BMW

A

Renault Espace 4

B

Audi, Bentley

C1

Chrysler Viper GTS (1999-2000)

G1

G1

J

Jaguar

K1

Ferrari

M0

Mercedes

M3

BMW M3

N0, N1, N2, N3

Porsche

R01

Audi quattro

 

: Michelin :

, .
, .

- , .

BMW Porsche, , . – , . , . , « ». , .

, . . . . , , .

, . . SUV , , , . , . , , , . , , . «» – 0,3-0,5 . , .

.

: , , , , . , , , .

«» . – .
 Michelin. Nokian  Pirelli –
, . «M+S»
(Nokian) – , , ( «» ) ( , 4 )
 Nokian– . 

 

. Bridgestone, Yokohama, Kumho, - . , .

– . . – .

– , , , . , , .

 

5.0

155 

165 175 

185 

5.5

165 

175 185 

195 

6.0

175 

185 195 

205 

6.5

185 

195 205 

215 

7.0

195 

205 215 

225 

7.5

205 

215 225 

235 

8.0

215 

225 235 

245 

8.5

225 

235 245 

255 

9.0

235 

245 255 

265 

9.5

245 

255 265 

275 

10.0

255 

265 275 

285 

10.5

265 

275 285 

295 

11.0

275 

285 295 

305 

11.5

285 

295 305 

315 

12.0

295 

305 315 

325 

12.5

305 

315 325 

335 

 

 

35 

275/35R17

9.0-10.5

335/35R17

11.0-13.0

345/35R15

11.0-13.5

40 

285/40R15

11.0-13.5

215/40R15

7.0-8.5

245/40R17

8.0-9.5

255/40R17

8.5-10.0

265/40R17

8.5-10.0

235/40R18

8.0-9.5

45 

195/45/R15

6.5-7.5

215/45R15

7.0-8.5

255/45R15

8.5-10.0

205/45R16

7.0

225/45R16

7.5-9.0

245/45R16

8.0-9.5

215/45R17

7.0-8.5

235/45R17

8.0-9.5

255/45R17

8.5-10.5

50 

175/50R13

5.0-6.0

195/50R14

5.5-7.0

205/50R15

5.5-7.5

215/50R15

6.0-7.5

225/50R15

6.0-8.0

195/50R16

5.5-7.0

205/50R16

5.5-7.5

225/50R16

6.0-8.0

235/50R16

6.5-8.5

215/50R17

6.5-7.5

55 

205/55R14

5.5-7.5

185/55R15

6.0-6.5

195/55R15

5.5-7.0

205/55R15

5.5-7.5

205/55R16

5.5-7.5

225/55R16

6.0-8.0

60 

185/60R13

5.0-6.5

205/60R13

5.5-7.5

185/60R14

5.0-6.5

195/60R14

5.5-7.0

205/60R14

5.5-7.5

195/60R15

5.5-7.0

205/60R15

5.5-7.5

215/60R15

6.0-7.5

225/60R15

6.0-8.0

235/60R15

6.5-8.5

65 

185/65R15

5.0-6.5

195/65R15

5.5-7.0

205/65R15

5.5-7.5

215/65R15

6.0-7.5

70 

165/70R10

4.5-5.5

175/70R12

5.0-6.0

175/70R13

5.0-6.0

205/45R16

7.0

185/70R13

5.0-6.5

185/70R14

5.0-6.5

195/70R15

5.5-7.0

205/70R14

5.5-7.5

185/70R15

5.0-6.5

205/70R15

5.5-7.5

215/70R15

6.0-7.5

82 

155R12

4.0-5.0

155R13

4.0-5.5

165R13

4.0-5.5

175R14

4.5-6.0

185R14

4.5-6.0

165R15

4.0-5.5

 P-

 

75 

P205/75R15

5.5-7.5

P215/75R15

5.5-7.5

P225/75R15

6.0-8.0

P235/75R15

6.0-8.0

80 

P155/80R13

4.5-5.5

P165/80R13

4.5-6.0

P175/80R13

4.5-6.0

P185/80R13

5.0-6.5

35 

P315/35R17

10.0-12.0

40 

P275/40R17

8.5-10.0

50 

P215/50R13

5.5-8.5

P235/50R13

6.0-9.0

P245/50R14

6.5-9.0

P225/50R15

6.0-8.0

P295/50R15

7.5-11.0

P225/50R16

6.0-8.0

P245/50R16

6.5-9.5

 

:

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